Holding on #6

October 29th, 2020

Everything’s connected!

This post is going to have personal overtones – I’ve just been spending time with my elderly parents.

My mother is admirably committed to the principle of people cutting down on driving – but care-givers of course must be exceptions (as well as being given help to ‘switch up’ to electric vehicles) …

We were clearing out a few things, ‘dead’ batteries included. It might be tempting to put them in the bin, but please don’t! I’ve read an article this week (Damian Carrington in the Guardian) – “zombie batteries” are causing hundreds of fires a year at waste and recycling sites. During collection and processing, according to the Environmental Services Association (Esa), they are likely to be crushed or punctured, causing particularly lithium-ion and nickel-metal hydride batteries to ignite or explode, setting fire to other materials. In some cases, this leads to incidents requiring dozens of firefighters and the evacuation of residents, potentially putting lives at risk.

So, take your dead batteries to separate collection points at supermarkets and recycling centres – they contain ‘lots of valuable materials that can be recycled and used to make new things’, a quote from Esa’s new Take Charge campaign. Check it out.

Thinking of fires, on a much larger scale, the enormous devastating wildfires in America are still raging – the latest development is the Silverado Fire that is forcing thousands out of Orange County, California.

We must not forget these horrible reminders of the climate crisis.

Also on an international level (starting in the UK) BP is leading energy companies preparing two major carbon capture projects. I think this is good news – carbon capture and storage is considered vital to the UK’s legally binding target to create a carbon neutral economy by 2050 (I can’t believe that date is still there – too far in the future…). According to the International Energy Agency, it would also be virtually impossible for the world to meet its climate targets without it.

I’m trying to ignore (for my own sanity) the bad news – the oil industry seems to be ‘getting back on its feet’, (this is outrageous and shocking), illustrated this morning by Shell restoring profits for its investors. It makes me feel a bit ill knowing that rich oil-lovers care so little about the future – I’ve appealed to my ‘friend’ Bernard Looney to continue educating them….?! Oil is not the future.

More international bad news (sorry, but it needs acknowledging) – an expedition of scientists has reported that a new source of greenhouse gas (‘sleeping giant’ Arctic methane deposits) off the East Siberian coast has been triggered. 

Returning to my family visit, we bought a sandwich on the way home – ‘not tuna’ and sweetcorn. This seemed a good idea for us – vegetarian/vegan ‘option’. Looking closely, however, it contained both soya and palm oil, neither labelled as ‘sustainably sourced’. 

It is so important, I believe, to try to influence ‘the markets’ , by not buying – as I’m sure you know, soya and palm oil are contained in so many food products, and often contribute to deforestation which is fuelling the climate crisis.

Read the labels when shopping!

Now, two pieces of good news to end with – hedgehogs (particularly apt ahead of Hallowe’en and Bonfire Night…watch out for them) are getting more recognition by developers and gardeners, who are including ‘hedgehog highways’ (13cm holes that allow the endangered creatures to move freely between gardens to find food and a mate). Read the positive story about Kirtlington, Oxfordshire, a village brought together by a love of hedgehogs!

And an international parliamentary alliance for the recognition of Ecocide has been formed – time to criminalise those who threaten the planet and the rights of those who are trying to protect it. Indigenous people in the Amazon particularly, including the Waorani, are fighting for survival – land disappearing, in fires intentionally set by multinational corporations for agribusiness profits.

I’m being brief this week – a bit tired after my weekend: at least I think I have contributed to a better future for my parents, even if still struggling for the next generations?!

Holding on #5

October 21st, 2020

I’ll open today with a bit of positive thinking!

Guardian environment correspondent Fiona Harvey tells Rachel Humphreys (watch the video!) how civil society can force governments and business to change – giving us campaigners optimism for the future!

She said: “Faced with multiplying and interlinked environmental crises in the 2020s – the climate emergency, the sixth extinction stalking the natural world, the plastic scourge in our oceans – it is easy to feel overwhelmed. But it’s also easy to forget that environmentalism is arguably the most successful citizens’ mass movement there has been.”

Campaigner Janet Alty started a local campaign to ban lead in petrol, which became part of a much bigger movement, CLEAR, the Campaign for Lead-Free Air. The campaign took years (and we don’t have years with the climate crisis, sadly – start now, everyone, buying less petrol please!), but eventually leaded fuel was finally removed from the last petrol pumps in 1999.

Campaigns against acid rain and ozone-depleting chemicals (CFCs) were also successful relatively recently. Public pressure on the worst-offending countries- chiefly the US and the UK, which were responsible for acid rain falling largely on neighbouring countries and regions, such as Canada and Scandinavia – was key to protecting forests and lakes.

And the hole in the ozone layer, once a threat to most living things, in now on the path to recovery – a result of the world moving quickly, with governments getting together under the aegis of the UN, agreeing in 1987 to phase out ozone-depleting chemicals globally.

Of course we still need to campaign – urgently and forcefully…..We just mustn’t feel that there is no point….

Some practical information might help some people – Scarborough (near where we used to live) Borough Council, with Yorkshire County Council and Ryedale District, is offering residents a free renewable heating scheme; and the Forest of Dean District Council (where we live now) offers Green Homes Grants, towards the cost of installing energy efficient and low-carbon heating improvements to homes. Other UK councils hopefully have various schemes.

If talking to your local council, you might ask them who they invest with….Council pension funds across the UK have more than £16 billion invested in polluting fossil fuel companies. A growing number of local campaigns are proving it’s possible to persuade councils to divest. Check out Friends of the Earth’s guide.

Former archbishop Rowan Williams has called on UK universities to follow the example of Cambridge and end their multimillion-pound investments in fossil fuels. He said all universities had a duty to their students to create a ‘safer world’ and investing in fossil fuel corporations was incompatible with this.

And former Bank of England governor Mark Carney (a good man, generally!) has said banks should link executive pay to climate risk management, as part of efforts to align the finance industry with Paris climate goals. Speaking at the UN Environment Programme Finance Initiative roundtable, he said lenders should – at the very least – be transparent over whether or not pay is being tied to climate targets.

NatWest Group confirmed that decisions on pay for its top executives – including chief executive Alison Rose – do take climate targets into consideration. The bank has pledged to fully phase out coal financing by 2030 and is aiming to ‘at least halve’ the climate impact of its lending activity by the end of the decade.

There are still a lot of dirty investments in banking, of course; and the only bank that is truly ethical and sustainable in this country is Triodos – its mission is ‘to help create a society that protects and promotes quality of life and human dignity for all. Since 1980, our sustainable financial products have enabled individuals and organisations to use their money in ways that benefit people and the environment.’

We still haven’t moved to them, I have to admit, but I really intend to….

And neither have I joined the Green Party – as they have written recently, ‘only a tiny number of people ever join a political party, but there are a huge number who identify as Green and want to see policy and systems changes that will positively impact on the climate and ecological crisis.’

So I have become a ‘Green Friend’, to try to help them ensure Better is Possible – their party political broadcasts on television recently spoke such sense. (A contrast with the ‘Time is Running Out’ statements – Time is Running Out, sadly, to address the climate crisis; the No-deal Brexit ship seems to have sailed….)

See what you think at actionnetwork.org

There are two videos worth watching on BBC News – teenagers living in remote Arctic communities, worried about the effects of climate change, are calling for help; and young activists from the UK, including Bird-girl from Bristol whom I ‘featured’ recently, have made an urgent plea for global leaders to prevent climate action being sidelined by Covid.

Finally, some news about wolverines – the Centre for Biological Diversity is going to court, as these animals on the edge of extinction (through fur-trappers and predator-killing programmes) have been denied federal Endangered Species Act protection.

This is personally poignant for me – my musician son (Gecko) alludes to this creature in his song ‘Volcano’. He also wrote very movingly about ‘The End of the World’, prescient about the demise of animals such as koalas and polar bears. I’ll end on a happy note – he has a new album out on Friday (October 23rd)! It’s called Climbing Frame and is, of course, brilliant!

Please continue to sign petitions that I post on Facebook, and at my Twitter account – #grandmaglobal

Holding on #4

October 17th, 2020

A new campaign has been launched, in a bid to persuade more of us to change behaviour, in the fight against climate change – it’s called ‘Count us In’.

It highlights 16 steps that we can all take to help reduce carbon emissions. As well as the usual steps such as cutting down on car use, flights and meat, it includes asking politicians to act or invest to support the steps, choosing financial institutions and funds that invest responsibly and talking to friends (& speaking up at work). These three ‘extra’ steps are my ‘mission’ here really…

HSBC (who also own First Direct) is one of the ‘Count us In’ partners, apparently – I’ve written to them, not sure how ethical and responsible they really are…?

Some climate campaigners have dismissed the new group, feeling it is shifting responsibility on to ‘ordinary people’, away from the actual polluters.

I can sympathise with that view (big organisations should certainly not get away with environmental destruction by hiding behind ‘greenwashing’), but I do believe we could all change the actions of the powerful – by withdrawing our support….

Of course that’s a terrible over-simplification, but the bottom line is surely that ‘business as usual’ continues because people support it. It’s particularly hard at the moment, of course, as during the pandemic we’re desperate for some usual/normal in our lives. Life could be better than the ‘old normal’ though…. And we need to prevent future pandemics – they’re more likely to happen if we return to the ‘old normal’.

I think I should stop rambling, but please check out the Count us In (count-us-in.org) website – we really can make changes if we all pull together! 

If not us, who?

If not now, when?

This week has been quite depressing on the Farming and Fisheries front – our deeply disappointing government has voted against preserving in law safeguarding British food and farming trade standards; and post-Brexit protections against over-fishing have also been rejected.

How can supertrawlers in marine protected areas be justified? So wrong. Where was Carrie Symonds’ influence? Boris Johnson’s partner paradoxically works for Oceana, the organisation that is trying to protect oceans, as I might have mentioned before….

Henry Dimbleby’s National Food Strategy’s amendment to the Agriculture Bill, about pesticides, was not even ‘brought to a vote’.

One glimmer of light is that the organisation Sustain (the alliance for better food and farming) believes the Government and MPs are worried by the level of public concern and media coverage – so it is asking us to write to our MPs in support of #SaveOurStandards and #BackBritishFarming. Do you remember Boris Johnson wearing a sheaf of wheat badge on National Farmers Day?! So ironic….

Apparently, another irony, while the Agriculture Bill was being debated, Channel Four was exposing the ‘Dirty Secrets of American Food’ – it should be required viewing by MPs, hoping that some might be ‘on the fence’ and change their minds…important to hope…

I need some cheerfulness now!

Idris Elba and his wife, Sabrina Dhowre Elba, have said individuals can make a difference in tackling climate change. They are ambassadors for the UN’s International Fund for Agricultural Development. Some of IFAD’s projects aim to make food production more resilient to the impacts of climate change. They are piloting climate adaption technologies such as rainwater harvesting and supplementary irrigation. Idris Elba particularly focused on education – he urged people to read about what is happening in the world, how we are damaging it: “Each one, teach one: the next person’s going to learn something.”

They were talking on BBC Radio 5 Live’s new podcast with Liz Bonnin (who made that amazing, deeply disturbing documentary ‘Meat’ and who I saw on stage, telling us about plastic…) – ‘What Planet are we on?’ Each week this is ‘offering solutions and practical tips as well as hearing from experts, campaigners and well-known names.’

A couple of other good things: two young sisters, Jia and Asha Kirkpatrick, have been awarded as ‘Young Heroes’ (Amplifon Awards 2020, alongside Marcus Rashford) for their work in lobbying Kellogg’s to reject palm oil from deforested areas, in order to protect orang-utans.

And ‘Sound and Music’, the national organisation for new music, has announced Climate.Sound.Change – 3 x £500 grants for artists working with sound and music to create new works that respond to the climate emergency. A minimum of one of the grants is reserved for a young person aged 16-21. Works can be created either solo or with collaborators of your choice. The opportunity is intentionally open, and it can be broad; or focused on areas that might include mass production, pollution, disability, access to water, global warming, indigenous rights, racial justice, class discrimination, environmental refugees and displacement, biodiversity loss, specific regional issues.

For more information, contact heather.blair@soundandmusic.org 

If you have accessibility needs and require additional support for applying contact alex.noble@soundandmusic.org

Holding on #3

October 8th, 2020

The green recovery has started! 

Well, the words sound good – Boris Johnson has promised to power every home in the UK with offshore wind energy within a decade. The devil is of course in the detail – Greenpeace’s John Sauven said: “If carried through, [the commitment] would help cement the UK’s global leadership in this key technology. But delivering 40 gigawatts of power on to the grid by 2030 requires action in this parliament. We now need to see the prime minister’s newly found enthusiasm is followed through by knocking down all the barriers that the offshore wind industry faces in delivering its ambition.”

And no mention was made of onshore wind, which is the cheapest form of wind energy but has been subject to stringent planning regulations brought in under David Cameron, meaning few onshore turbines have been built in the UK in the last five years.

Politicians still believe, apparently, that our communities are generally anti wind turbines – you could prove them wrong by telling your MP and/or joining local projects to install these essential energy providers. We are a windy country, destined to experience more windy storms – as people like Dale Vincent, founder of Ecotricity, have been saying for years, we need to harness natural power….

At the same time as Johnson’s promises, why has the go-ahead been granted for a new coal mine in Cumbria? Unbelievable double standards….

‘Stay Grounded’ is appealing for help in countering aviation greenwashing – resisting unnecessary flights, and certainly opposing all airport expansions, is the only way to reduce the impact of the aviation industry in the climate crisis.

Companies like Airbus want us to believe that hydrogen-powered aircraft is the answer.

So we can return to irresponsible flying habits.

Waiting for such technologies prevents effective climate action today; and in the meantime emissions continue to rise.

Airlines have not been meeting their own low targets for biofuels for years. Why would they do any better in switching to hydrogen?

The biggest problem about hydrogen is it’s energy intensive to produce. Aviation at pre-Covid levels would need an enormous amount of it. Emission reductions would only be possible with ‘green’ hydrogen from renewable energies. We are already struggling to develop enough renewable energy systems. We should not waste precious energy on a relatively luxurious activity of a global minority – better to simply reduce luxury flying and travel by train, surely?!

Where hydrogen will probably prove useful is to run buses, ferries and even trains. 

Scottish Power plans to use clean electricity generated by a major new solar farm on a site near Glasgow. This electricity will run an electrolyser to split water into hydrogen and oxygen molecules. Lindsay McQuade, head of renewables at Scottish Power, said: “Green hydrogen is something that everyone is talking about, but we wanted to do something about it.”

She said that by working with industry leaders such as ITM Power and BOC the partnership would be able to offer the operators of heavy vehicle fleets and industry “a packaged solution that brings all of the pieces of the jigsaw together – production, distribution, supply” from as soon as 2022. “All they have to do is provide the vehicles”, she added.

The UK agriculture bill returns to the House of Commons next Monday (October 12th) – there are still serious worries about USA standards (depressingly low) influencing our food and farming….

Minette Batters, National Farmers Union president, has called on our government to make a legal commitment to ban chlorinated chicken and hormone-fed beef from supermarket shelves.

She said: “If we don’t put a marker in the sand, if government doesn’t put a red line down in the agricultural bill, that allows secondary legislation… to change it. You have to put that marker down and say: ‘No, you know, we’re going to stick by our word today’.”

Mm, that would be good – I’ll try to have faith, in the NFU if not in the government! Henry Dimbleby, the ‘food tsar’ behind the National Food Strategy, is ‘on the case’ too…..

Two positives:

Plans have just been submitted for the first stage of arguably the UK’s most ambitious council-led housing programme in a generation – in York (close to my heart!). The city is planning to build at least 600 homes across eight sites within the ring road, each designed to have a net carbon emissions figure of zero. Every element of the scheme, from the front door out into the transport network, is tuned to tackle the climate emergency head on.

London-based practice Mikhail Riches has been selected as lead architect, the firm behind the acclaimed Stirling prize-winning Goldsmith Street in Norwich (where I also have history!).

I’ve written to them!

A charity called Rory’s Well is pioneering a holistic programme of regenerative agriculture around the Gola Rainforest in Sierra Leone. ‘Slash & burn’ agriculture is one of the major causes of deforestation, soil degradation and carbon emission in the tropics, but subsistence farmers have little choice if their families are to eat…. This charity has been working for five years to develop paddy field systems in the swamps which provide permanent community farms, and bee keeping initiatives which help preserve both bees and the forest. The third part of the plan is to use Inga, a leguminous tree, to enable the development of permanent sustainable farms on reclaimed forest land. Inga has a range of very impressive qualities that can help transform how food is grown – this new farming system is also powerful in reducing CO2 emissions.

To find out more, you could join the Wotton-under-Edge Climate Action Network meeting via Zoom on October 22nd, or visit http://www.roryswell.org

Holding on #2

October 2nd, 2020

As we enter the final quarter of this life-changing year, I am planning a ‘new look’ for my blog.

From the New Year 2021 I intend to concentrate on promoting life-affirming projects by people (individuals, groups, communities, small companies around the world), striving to re-connect us with Nature. To be honest, my heart sinks writing that date – we should be well on the way to avoiding catastrophic global heating by then, but we’re clearly not…

So, I will continue to address the people in power, when I have the energy, and will continue to demonstrate and protest so we are still visible; but on a personal level, I will just write about good stuff here! Please let me know, via these posts, if you know of any projects that would like a little extra recognition….

‘Flock Together’ has gladdened my heart! – a birdwatching club for people of colour, such a great thing. For founders Ollie Olanipekun and Nadeem Perera, it’s about making birdwatching accessible to as many people as possible, especially those who live in urban centres and don’t always grow up with the opportunity to engage with nature in a meaningful way. 

A group of young people is appealing to their peers to get engaged in climate issues. Filmmaker Alice Aedy, one of the founders of Earthrise, said: “One of the most dangerous things we are trying to tackle is this idea of ‘Oh, we’re f****d anyway. What’s the point? I’m just going to live my life…. That feeling of powerlessness is something that we are going to dedicate this platform to trying to fight.”

Jack Harries added: “Especially post-Covid the story should be, ‘How do we build back better? How do we build a better world for everyone? How do we make it positive?’ We simply can’t afford to return back to normal.”

I don’t want to be a ‘platform’ for promoting particular ‘brands’ or companies, but of course some are better than others….! The Environmental Investigation Agency has reported that Iceland has issued a ‘plastic challenge’ to rival supermarket chains, urging the UK Government to introduce mandatory reporting and reduction targets. In the lead up to the EIA’s Checking Out on Plastics supermarkets survey, Iceland has revealed its accurate plastic packaging footprint for 2019. (31,000 tonnes, so awful to envisage…..) Inaccurate reporting from the UK retail sector is ‘the norm’, apparently, obstructing meaningful action on plastic pollution. So, Iceland is good for being honest and championing the need for proper reporting. But, such a long way to go….

Another ‘back-handed compliment’ this week will go to Tesco. It has committed to boosting sales of meat alternatives by 300% by 2025. It’s certainly good to know that during the past year demand for chilled meat-free foods (burgers, sausage and mince substitutes being most popular) has increased by almost 50%. The awkward question of course is how many of these ‘lines’ contain soya and/or palm oil from places involved in deforestation…? Hopefully, Tesco is addressing these issues too – they are working with the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), at least….to try to halve the environmental impact of the average UK shopping basket, they say.

A very timely email has just arrived – Greenpeace have put a really informative (and even entertaining…?!) video on its YouTube channel, about soya. Vast areas of land in South America are being cleared for soya crops. Who’s eating all this soya though? Is it vegans and vegetarians eating soya burgers and drinking soya milk? No, only 6%. Most of it is used as animal feed to produce industrial meat. Search for Greenpeace, or I’ve put the link on Facebook and Twitter – my husband Bill Sanderson’s accounts, as I’ve broken my phone…!

Did you know that Pope Francis called last year for ecocide to be made a ‘fifth category of crimes against peace’ at the International Criminal Court? Maybe your Catholic friends did…

Last month, a special eco-delegation from France (including writer Pablo Servigne and actress Juliette Binoche, with Valerie Cabanes of Stop Ecocide) presented the Pope with a request for him to use his diplomatic and spiritual influence to build on his call. The French delegation apparently witnessed the Pope spontaneously recounting his ‘ecological conversion’. Indigenous elders in the Amazon and Canada helped him see “the way all things connect. Everything is connected, everything is in relationship. In our human societies we have lost this understanding… this sense of roots, of belonging.”

Satish Kumar is an advocate of living in harmony with Nature, too. He believes, and I totally agree, that the worldview that human beings are at the centre of the universe is no longer valid. He says, in his new book (published by Leaping Hare Press, beautiful name!): “We are utterly dependent on other species and we have to take care of them. We are members of one Earth community and need a new trinity that is holistic and inclusive, that embraces the entire planet and all species upon it – soil, soul, society.”

‘Possible’ has won funding to work with communities in London, Bristol, Leeds and Birmingham, building new visions of cities free from private cars; and the campaign group’s solar railways project has secured its first commercial funding, to develop a pipeline of new renewable energy projects in England and Wales. 

A few more pieces of good news! 

Scotland has invested £1.8m into decommissioning oil and gas infrastructure in the North Sea. And the vast majority of workers affected are looking forward to the switch to green careers, taking money away from fossil fuels.

More than 300 British Olympians and Paralympians have called on the government to prioritise a green recovery.

Lego is switching to eco-friendly paper bags in its packaging.

Dr Jane Goodall and Thomas Mangelsen, both having spent a lifetime immersed in wildlife, will be having ‘A Conservation Conversation’, headlining Wildscreen Festival on Thursday, October 22nd – aiming to continue to bring conservation issues to a wide audience.

Now, earlier this week I was pleased to read about 64 world leaders (including Boris Johnson) signing a Leaders’ Pledge for Nature – committing to put wildlife and the climate at the heart of post-pandemic economic recovery plans, promising to address the climate crisis, deforestation, ecosystem degradation and pollution.

However, this may still be more words, without action; aiming for 2050 is still too late; and ‘key players’ (including the USA and Brazil) still seem oblivious to the crisis BUT there are some seeds for hope here.

The UN’s biodiversity head, Elizabeth Maruma Mrema (whom I quoted a while ago as saying we are handing down a dead planet to future generations), has welcomed the pledge as an ‘inspirational contribution’ to ongoing negotiations.

Finally, one more appeal for you to contact your MP (UK readers…!) – Power for People are campaigning for a new law that would make new community energy businesses viable – at the moment, unfair regulations and high costs mean local energy projects are often impossible to get off the ground.

More than 200 MPs (even Conservatives, thank goodness..) are backing the proposal, for a Local Electricity Bill – please ask your MP to support this too. You can check if he/she is already on the list of supporters, at Possible or Power for People.

Holding on #1

September 25th, 2020

This time last year 7.6 million people came out on the streets all over the world demanding climate justice.

I have an image in my head of many television screens grouped together on the BBC News, illustrating the powerful message that we all want change, real action to address the climate emergency.

In September 2020, many people’s focus is, understandably, on the ‘here and now’ of saving jobs and livelihoods.

I’ll be writing to Rishi Sunak later! ‘Supporting people to be in viable jobs’ should include investing in all-important green infrastructure. Ironically, our ‘here and now’ will soon be much more challenging and difficult if we don’t do something about changing the way we live…..

It is already tragically challenging and difficult for people in many parts of the world.

So, today, September 25th, the spotlight by young climate activists is on the Most Affected People and Areas (MAPA). Since the Covid-19 pandemic set in, climate strikers (Fridays for Future) have been highlighting the need for a just and green recovery, and for the need to keep raising our voices for these interwoven crises. Mass protests have had to take on different shapes to keep everyone safe. But it is a crucial time to remind the world how climate justice is connected to building a healthier more resilient world.

Six young people from MAPA countries, so brave and from some of the most vulnerable communities in the world, are standing up because they’re seeing with their own eyes that climate action can’t wait. Their names are Mitzi Jonelle Tan from the Philippines, Eyal Weintraub and Nicole Becker from Argentina, Disha A Ravi from India, Kevin Mtai from Kenya and Laura Veronica Munoz from Colombia.

Women in Satkhira, Bangladesh; Pacific Climate Warriors in the Pacific islands; ‘light paintings’ in the Philippines; and ‘shoe strikes’ in Japan are also all so committed and imaginative – check out the last two at 350.org if you’re intrigued….

Closer to (my) home, Bristol-based Mya-Rose Craig (#Birdgirl – she is a very knowledgeable ‘birder’, but also passionate about the importance of racial diversity in climate activism…) has done the most northerly climate strike ever, in the melting Arctic, to “convey my desperation and the urgency of the issue.” I heard her speak at the Greta Thunberg rally earlier in the year – I so admire these young people who are fighting for their world. She is 18 and deserves our support.

Now, on other news, a couple of ‘positives’ first:

A campaigning group whom I support, We Move Europe, successfully raised funds to back activists pushing the Polish government to declare a climate emergency. The declaration hasn’t happened yet (we seem to have to be so grateful for ‘small mercies’ in this global fight…); but politicians from different political parties spoke up to back the protesters’ demands, and the media was full of debate on climate change. A start…

On World Rhino Day last week, Rainforest Action Network announced a new rhino sanctuary in Indonesia.  After years of RAN exposing threats to the Leuser Ecosystem, a coalition including major palm oil companies will be helping to protect endangered Sumatran rhinos (and their neighbours!). Big agribusinesses still need to be pressured to halt their destruction, but another start…

Depressing negatives have been highlighted by The Guardian (and echoed by Friends of the Earth) – a quarter of UK mammals are at imminent risk of extinction; and the UK has failed on 17 of 20 UN biodiversity targets, characterised as a ‘lost decade for Nature’…

If you haven’t already, and live in this country, please urge your MP to back the Climate and Ecological Emergency Bill. I’ve had a very positive email from the CEE Bill Alliance Team (it’s always encouraging to know how many people care and are campaigning, even if that’s still not routinely covered in popular media…).  71 MPs already support the bill and the Liberal Democrats as a whole party have declared their support. The team asks people to send out thank-you messages if your MP has backed the bill (no such luck, here!). They also highlight the importance of the Climate Assembly UK (note my ‘frequent flyers tax’ appeal last week!) – we all need a say on the enormous changes that are needed in response to the climate emergency, especially if we are to protect the most vulnerable in society. If you’d like to read more or simply support the campaign, check out www.ceebill.uk

Returning to Bristol UK, the home of Wildscreen Festival 2019, Wildscreen Festival 2020 is preparing to hold its events online next month. The festival brings together photographers, filmmakers and creative professionals with conservationists to create compelling stories about the natural world ‘that inspire the wider public to experience it, feel part of it and protect it.’

David Attenborough, Wildscreen patron, said: “Never has communicating the threats facing our natural world and the bold solutions required to protect and restore it been so vital… tell the stories the world needs to hear and see.”

The Festival has just announced an event in which Jeremy Darroch, Sky’s Group Chief Executive, will be in conversation with TV presenter, adventurer and wildlife expert Steve Backshall. The two will discuss their shared love of the natural world, the climate crisis and the role of nature programming, and what broadcasters can do to accelerate their own progress towards net zero carbon.

And finally this week, I read a moving article in The Guardian by a man aged 31 dying of cancer. Approaching death, he is thinking about his priorities in life. One of these is to ‘protect the planet’ – “I can’t leave this off because it’s so important. I’ll be gone soon, but humanity will still be faced with the huge challenge of reducing carbon emissions and saving habitats from destruction. In my time here, I’ve been lucky enough to see some natural wonders and understand how precious they are. Hopefully future generations will be able to say the same. But it will take a massive collective effort.

“If you asked me what I’d want to leave behind, it would be a new awareness of these things among my friends – and anyone who’ll listen really.”

His name is Elliot Dallen. I hope he forgives me quoting him…..

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Emerging #12

September 16, 2020

Hello!

This feels as if it has been a significant week.

David Attenborough’s documentary ‘Extinction: the Facts’ plays recurringly in my head. Those images of horrendous wildfires in California (& beyond) must not be allowed to become absorbed  by us, who are not directly affected, as ‘a new normal’ – we must not become desensitised…. How many of us have consigned the Australia fires to ‘history’? (not our friends in Australia of course…) And the man-made deliberate deforestation in the Amazon, clearing land for our meat habit….it continues….

And we rarely see images of massive landslides and flooding (in countries such as Bangladesh & the Philippines which have been suffering for years).

Typhoon Haishen has been recently battering South Korea, after ‘slamming’ Japan (BBC News word..).

Japan (where I was born!) is apparently being supplied with the toxic pesticide 1,3-Dichloropropene (banned in the UK and EU, but not for exporting it seems…) by UK-based company INEOS.

I’ve written to CEO Sir Jim Ratcliffe, for all the good it will do – good to express my horror/disappointment anyway…!

INEOS sponsors the Tour de France – maybe they could get into developing sustainable transport…?!

That’s kind of a joke (dark humour…?), but behind such thoughts are frustrations…We all need distractions and positive events at this time of pandemic gloom, but do we want our leisure and pleasure to be associated with climate-destroying companies…? 

Talking of distractions and positive events, I’m really looking forward to the return of Strictly Come Dancing! Bill Bailey, the musical stand-up comedian, is apparently one of this year’s contestants. I’ve written to him too! With his love of animals, and because he’s a parent, maybe he’ll ‘big up’ climate activism on mainstream television?! It’s worth asking!

Well, one last thing about the Attenborough programme – an abiding memory/image for me is the huge piles of pointless, furry, plastic goggle-eyed soft toy creatures in shopping malls. We in the UK consume so much more than people in the global south (and the US 7 times more, apparently). This is greed and habit, surely. No-one needs all that stuff… I’m sure if you asked the children who receive these objects that they would prefer to see real, live animals thriving in the world, even if that might only be on television….

Now to some practical issues.

The UK’s Climate People’s Assembly has produced its report. Together with the Extinction documentary, it deserves to be taken very seriously and urgently by our government.

The most important principles to emerge were “informing and educating everyone”, ensuring fairness for everyone and leadership from the government that is “clear, proactive, accountable and consistent”.

Other important principles identified included restoring the natural world, local community engagement and, simply, “urgency”.

Recommendations included taxes on frequent fliers, a cut in meat and dairy consumption and better green transport links for all parts of the country.

I’ll focus on the flying issue this week (quoting brilliant climate action group Possible):

Getting on a plane is the only way to emit tonnes of climate-crashing greenhouse gases in just a few hours. Collectively, we all need to fly less and choose ways of travelling which are better for the climate. But some people are flying a lot more than the rest of us and causing most of the environmental damage. Just 15% of people who fly frequently take 70% of all UK flights. While more than half the UK population don’t fly at all in any given year…

Right now, it doesn’t matter if you’re flying to visit your family for the first time in years, or taking your tenth holiday abroad of the year – you’ll pay the same tax for that flight. We think that’s as unfair and backwards as a flat tax on income would be. That’s why we’re proposing a frequent flyer levy, which would be the fairest way to tax flights and the most effective way to cut emissions.

But why are we calling for this now, at a time when airline bosses are using the Covid crisis to slash jobs and push staff onto worse pay? Well, that’s because the additional tax taken from a frequent flyer levy could be used to create climate-friendly green jobs, and help former aviation workers into these roles.

The frequent flyer levy would help to cut emissions in a fair way, with those who pollute the most making the biggest reductions in how much they fly, while supporting workers and creating the green jobs we need.

The Confederation of British Industry, no less, is calling for a green jobs boost to help recovery from the pandemic. Will Rishi Sunak incorporate these demands (not from a fringe ‘eco’ group but from the heart of industry itself….) into the upcoming Comprehensive Spending Review, setting the UK’s financial course for the next few years? Before he finalises his plans, please sign the petition from Friends of the Earth 

act.friendsoftheearth.uk

and/or write to your MP urgently.

Finally, a few, more modest, thoughts about plastic waste (INEOS is also a major contributor to this). This is a ‘drop in the ocean’ (sadly apt phrase…) of course, but I do think leading by example must help a little (if only millions of us would stop buying single-use plastic, but the word is definitely getting out!) – we’ve started buying soap, shampoo and conditioner in bars, rather than in plastic bottles…

Recycling plastic is so problematic (better to try not to buy it in the first place) – much of it ends up in the sea and in countries that do not want it: Africa is becoming a dumping ground for our waste now… 

I have to make a confession, though (my campaigning is absolutely not about showing how great/sustainable I am….?!) – the company we’re buying from (via Holland & Barrett) is in New Zealand, Ethique, so air-miles is a problem….

Other brands are available, as they say! Beauty brand UpCircle, for example – check them out, as well as Circular and Co….

Amongst all the bad news from the UK government, seemingly short-sightedly obsessed with defending themselves about their terrible decisions on Brexit and Covid-19, it is truly heartening to know there are small companies, and even some larger ones, intent on restoring the Earth.

Dara Khosrowshahi, CEO of Uber (one of the larger companies!) professes to have ‘faith in humanity’ – I heard him on the podcast ‘Global Optimism’. Of course he/Uber is not perfect, but they seem to be striving towards sustainable travelling. ‘Climate Action is a Team Sport’ is an inspiring phrase of his….

‘Tune in’ next Friday (September 25th) – my son (Gecko) will be providing the musical ending: a song with a heartbreaking scenario, but characteristically witty…. We have to be optimistic and ‘keep the faith’….

Please continue to sign and share –

http://chng.it/kdyR5267

Follow me on #grandmaglobal

support @CEEbill_NOW

Emerging #11

September 9th, 2020

I’ll open with some good news.

Our government has rejected plans to develop an “environmentally unacceptable” coalmine near Druridge Bay in Northumberland, after years of fierce opposition from local campaigners and Friends of the Earth. The Green Party’s Berwick-upon-Tweed branch said: “Northumberland was the cradle of coal mining in the UK, and is rightly proud of the role its communities played in the industrial revolution and of the strength and resilience of those communities.

“Having been at the forefront of one industrial revolution, this decision means that Northumberland can now be at the forefront of the next one, and lead the way into a post-carbon future.”

‘Diary of a Young Naturalist’, by Dara McAnulty, has won the Wainwright prize for nature writing. Dara McAnulty is 16 years old and writes that he has the ‘heart of a naturalist, the head of a would-be scientist, and bones of someone who is already wearied by the apathy and destruction wielded against the natural world.’ 

The chair of judges, Julia Bradbury, called for the book to be added to the national curriculum, because of “its power to move and the urgency of the situation we face.”

McAnulty, who is currently writing a children’s book, said he wanted to donate the £2,500 prize money to his school’s environmental group, Roots and Shoots, at Shimna Integrated College in Northern Ireland.

My attention has also been drawn this week to a podcast called Global Optimism. Despite the odds stacked against the world finding its way out of the climate crisis, one of the presenters said: “We all love our children.” That gives hope! We all have an instinct to protect them – so naturally we will protect the natural world, surely?!

A new film, ‘I Am Greta’, has been released. At its launch, Greta Thunberg, 17 years old, appealed for more action to be taken to address the climate crisis, which seems to have slipped dangerously off the political agenda.

She said that she hoped the film could be a ‘bridge’ for people who wanted to know more about the climate emergency, helping to ‘increase momentum’ and spread awareness at a time when protesting and activism have been reduced because of Covid-19 restrictions around the world.

These two young people I’ve mentioned are working hard – we must not leave it to our young to sort the mess, doubly cruel given that they will have to live with the future…. 

Now, a new report by CBI Economics says that air pollution causes 3 million lost working days every year in the UK, owing to people getting sick or taking time off to care for sick children.

Cutting air pollution and meeting the World Health Organisation standards would benefit the economy by about £1.6bn a year, by improving productivity. About 17,000 premature deaths of working age people each year would be prevented by meeting the guidelines.

Rain Newton-Smith, chief economist of the Confederation of British Industry, said employers and the government should aim for a “green recovery” from the coronavirus, by investing in public transport and energy efficiency. She said: “Not only is there a clear moral responsibility to address air pollution and the impact it has on human health and the environment, there’s also a striking economic rationale. With air pollution hitting the balance sheets of businesses across the country, and cutting the earnings of their employees, cleaning up our air would help us to lead healthier and more productive lives, while delivering a green jobs boost for the economy.”

The government’s push for people to ‘get back into the office’ has prompted Jane Burston, executive director of the Clean Air Fund, to warn: “Encouraging people into their cars will increase pollution. The government needs to consider that building back the economy is not just about going back to the physical office. The consequences for air pollution are consequences for the economy, and the economic benefits of reducing air pollution are significant.”

If you have the energy to write another letter/email to your MP, you could demand that the Environment Bill, due to return to parliament soon, includes meeting the ambitious WHO standards on air pollution, highlighted by this CBI report.

Air pollution and climate change are of course two sides of the same coin – the United Nations Environment Programme states: “By reducing air pollution we also protect the climate. Air pollutants include more than just greenhouse gases, but there’s a big overlap: the two often interact with each other….. Quick action on reducing highly potent climate pollutants – methane, tropospheric ozone, hydrofluorocarbons and black carbon – can significantly decrease the chances of triggering dangerous climate tipping points, like the irreversible release of carbon dioxide and methane from thawing Arctic permafrost.”

A direct contribution we can make to reducing air pollution is to drive less;

also, to fly less – aircraft are responsible for an increasing proportion of air pollutant emissions, both at local and global level.

To put it bluntly, ‘Cheap Flights cost the Earth’. Flight Free UK hopes to ‘change the narrative’, helping to shift the norm away from flying. So we can influence government and industry to be honest about the climate impact of aviation, as well as make low-carbon travel the obvious choice.

Flying has become such an integral part of some people’s lives that some airlines are selling ‘flights to nowhere’ so these people can get their fix. So wrong…. And I find it so worrying that there are actually sightseeing flights to Antarctica – these are directly contributing to the destruction of the very thing the passengers have come to see and marvel at… I would guess that the majority of us love and marvel at Nature – to preserve it, we often need to keep our distance….

When I first read at length about Greta Thunberg, she was being interviewed (remotely – she doesn’t fly!) by a range of people, actors, politicians, comedians etc. Many of them asked if she was optimistic about the future and whether she thought people were naturally averse to change because human nature is selfish…. She said that once the scientific facts were ‘out there’ people would naturally drive change…. Knowledge informing powerful actions…. (Scientia potestas est!).

Last week Extinction Rebellion prevented some newspapers being distributed. For one day only! This was to highlight the fact that we, the British public, are not being given knowledge about the climate crisis. Knowledge that might make us question governments and multinationals; and, more importantly, might help put the brakes on things getting out of control. Environmental groups, and now some enlightened people in power (see CBI above…!) are realising we have to work ‘beyond politics’ to change the future. Climate activists, like me (one-grandmother band!), have no vested interest, no agenda, other than protecting all our grandchildren around the world. 

We are not the threat. A dying planet is. And sadly it may be a promise soon, if we don’t act quickly.

Please sign my petition http://chng.it/kdyR5267 and urge your MP (emailing her or him is simple) to support the Climate and Ecological Emergency Bill.

Emerging #10

September 4th, 2020

Good afternoon, friends!

This is going to be a more personal blog post again.

This week I was part of an Extinction Rebellion protest March in Cardiff.

I didn’t realise before, but Cardiff is one of the top cities in the world to be at risk of flooding (Storm Dennis has already caused big problems this year) and the most at risk in the UK.

On my way to the protest, I was challenged by a ticket collector at Gloucester Station.

He was a climate change denier and believed he was entitled to his opinion.

A group of writers held a protest in London yesterday – Zadie Smith (sister of rapper Doc Brown!) said: “There are people whose business it is to make science look like opinion. Who aim to transform genuine feelings of climate grief and guilt into … ignorance and positive denial.

The fate of this planet cannot be decided by well-remunerated men and women in shadowy offices. This planet belongs to the people. More accurately, we all belong to it.”

Margaret Atwood, author of books including The Handmaid’s Tale, lent her support via video message: “Climate change due to human activity is not a theory, it is not an opinion, it is a fact. 

“Denial of this fact in the interests of big money will lead to our extinction as a species.”

Thank goodness human extinction is still a little way off; and the skull/death message from Extinction Rebellion is probably counter-productive, resulting in onlookers ‘switching off’.

But so many animal, plant and insect species have already been extinguished; and we need to save those that are endangered – orangutans, polar bears, turtles, monarch butterflies, macaws, iguanas: the World Wildlife Fund has a huge list.

I’ve been listening to Power Out on BBC Radio 4, billed as ‘a thriller about power and protest on a dying planet’(starring Vinnie Heaven and written by Sarah Woods).

The facts listed on it about the damage that humans are doing are very thought-provoking – an example of how truth can certainly be stranger (more worrying) than fiction.

As I’ve just alluded to, I feel that sadly there is a problem with XR’s approach – pouring paint, daubing slogans, damaging property etc runs the risk of distracting us, ’ordinary people’, from the big, undeniable, frightening message. 

And of course Covid rules ‘muddy the waters’… all protesters on the March I was on wore masks and we socially distanced, used hand sanitiser etc. The organisers were very careful to enforce the rules; but I can imagine onlookers and police judging that we were being irresponsible. Of course, we all want to keep safe, for ourselves, each other and the planet.

(One heartening image I’ll take away from Cardiff, at least, is a climate activist and policeman deep in conversation.)

And I agree with Jane Goodall (of Gorillas in the Mist fame) that this pandemic should be viewed as a wake-up call – we are ignoring and exploiting Nature at our peril.

Watch and share this video please – https://youtu.be/pdNjRdsq1qA

BUSINESS AS USUAL CANNOT CONTINUE – in the way we live our own lives, and in ‘big business’…..

Now, several words of wisdom from friends and celebrities:

I was sympathising with an XR friend (Wotton-under-Edge, Gloucestershire!) about our mutual friend’s illness; and wondered if we’re not sorting out the world because we have so much in our own lives to deal with… Of course, as she said, “we’re actually not sorting out the world because ‘big business’ doesn’t want us to.” But I believe we do have a role in that – colluding with the system as it is, consuming too much and liking things staying the same…

It’s all so tricky. I want to believe in the kindness of humans (check out Humankind by Rutger Bregman) – even multinational corporations are run by humans.

That’s why I write to them – “We’re trying to save the world for all of us, even you!”

We in the older generation will not have to face the worst – what kind of world will our children and grandchildren face? More has to be done, before 2030.

People like Extinction Rebellion are trying to tell the truth.

It’s a truth that we would much rather not have to tell. And it’s frightening – but more frightening if we don’t do anything about it.

“Doing nothing is no longer an option”, as another XR friend said (also, Gloucestershire).

At the launch of the Writers Rebel campaign last week, the writer, actor and ‘TV personality’ Stephen Fry said people had a duty to “expose the lies” of climate change denial.

When I read his appeal on Twitter, I also noted the first comment/reply by someone who said Fry should concentrate on ‘engaging with the enemy’. I agree; but that clearly isn’t enough. The ugly (not just inconvenient now – why didn’t more people listen earlier…?) Truth, about vested interests & lobbyists, has to be challenged more robustly too….

The writers demonstration was organised in conjunction with a new XR ‘offshoot’ Money Rebellion, which will target the finance industry for its inaction on the climate emergency.

That’s one thing we can all do – ask our banks, building societies, pension funds etc for strong policies to divest from fossil fuel and other polluting projects.

As Jack Harries (social media influencer and XR member) said: “Climate activism is the ‘mother of all causes’”

There are no jobs on a dead planet.

Please sign/share this petition – http://chng.it/kdyR5267

The crucial message that we all need to get across now is the urgent need to support the Climate and Ecological Emergency Bill (presented to Parliament this week) – ask your MP to back it please!

It calls for:

the UK to make and enact a serious plan – dealing with our real… emissions so that we don’t go over critical global rises in temperature

our entire carbon footprint to be taken into account (in the UK and overseas)

the protection and conservation of nature here and overseas along supply chains, recognising the damage we cause through the goods we consume

those in power not to depend on technology to save the day, which is used as an excuse to carry on polluting as usual

ordinary people to have a real say on the way forward in a citizens’ assembly with bite

On the third point, it’s good to see that Anita Rani and Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall are back on television with their ‘War on Plastic’ – maybe you’ve been watching it…?

And I hope more people are listening to David Attenborough’s latest plea, made on the documentary ‘A Life on Our Planet’ – “We must change our diet. The planet can’t support billions of meat-eaters. It simply can’t!”

I’m going to end with a lovely little poem written by my husband (Bill Sanderson)!

More or Less?

Fly less 

Drive less

Buy less

Less mess

Walk more 

Talk more

Read more

Heed more

Miss less

Walk more

Cycle more

Cycle more

Speed less

Weigh less

Meat less

Tweet less

Want less

Grow more

Need less

Wind more

Sun more

Smoke less

Mope less

Hope more

Emerging #9

August 27th, 2020

Animals first today!

England’s first wild beavers for 400 years have finally been allowed to live on the River Otter in Devon (great name, appropriate somehow!). Up to 15 family groups of beavers are now estimated to live on this river, after seven years in which their future success did not always look assured. Now they have legal residency, thank goodness.

Beavers’ dams both slow the speed of floods and help provide water storage that stops rivers running dry during droughts. The dams also filter out pollutants and stop topsoil being washed away.

Let’s hope the Cornwall Beaver Project, as seen on Countryfile, will result in legal permanence too..

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge continues to be at risk from proposed Alaska oil drilling. Polar bears are “particularly vulnerable” to oil spills – Kristen Monsell, from the US-based Center for Biological Diversity, explained: “Oil can soak a polar bear’s fur and persist for several weeks. It will be groomed and ingested, irritate the skin and destroy the insulating abilities of the fur… fatalities can occur from effects on the lungs, kidneys, blood, gastrointestinal tract, and other organs and systems.”

The push from the Trump administration is happening when the Arctic Circle recorded its highest ever temperatures. Outrageous. Another reason to hope for good news and a new administration on November 3rd – US Election Day….

World Orangutan Day took place this week. The orangutans’ last natural habitats are disappearing at an alarming rate. The rainforest is being cleared and destroyed for the benefit of palm oil plantations and mining, and large forested areas are being destroyed as a result of logging and forest fires. 

I’ve been in correspondence with Barbara Wettstein from Nestle – she stresses that they are actively eliminating any association with deforestation from any of their supply chains, but that is definitely not happening fast enough. I was encouraged by her last sentence ‘hope you keep on asking the difficult questions’ – I’ll keep asking her them…!

You might have seen Tesco’s social media ads, claiming to support Greenpeace in its bid to stop deforestation. Unfortunately, sustainable soya for animal feed is very hard to source. Some Tesco meat, particularly from the terrible conscience-free JBS company, is therefore inevitably contaminated by soya grown on cleared forest areas….

Please read, and share with any of your meat-eating friends and neighbours, the online article by Chiara Vitali from Greenpeace. Tesco needs to be held to account.

And equally flawed, sadly, is the government’s new announcement introducing a law to clamp down on illegal deforestation and protect rainforests by cleaning up the UK’s supply chains.

That sounds such a good plan.

But it is not positively straightforward of course – the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs has said it will consider potential impacts on businesses and ‘other interests’ – sounds a recipe for disaster to me, opening up to vested interests/lobbies etc…?

And Defra’s proposal for businesses to ‘comply with local laws to protect natural areas’ unbelievably ignores president Bolsonaro’s complete disregard for Nature, as he champions the expansion of agriculture in Brazil at the expense of the Amazon rainforest.

It would be brilliant if you could all please write to your own MPs, agreeing with Zac Goldsmith (our international environment minister), but concerned that this new proposed law will not achieve its intended aims. Mr Goldsmith has said: “The UK has a duty to lead the way in combating the biodiversity and nature crisis. We have all seen the devastating pictures of the world’s most precious forests being cleared …. and we can’t afford not to act as a country.”

The bottom line, of course, is that the power actually lies with us, the consumers.  As Elena Polisano, a forests campaigner at Greenpeace UK, said: “We will never solve this problem without tackling demand.”

Now, a list of terrible extreme weather this month – a nature reserve in Surrey, England, has been destroyed by wildfire (Brian May’s home was saved…); lightning strikes causing blazes across California (“if you are in denial about climate change, come to California”, Governor Gavin Newsom said); Storm Francis battering Wales; and catastrophic Hurricane Laura lashing Louisiana.

You’re probably aware of all this, of course….sorry!

A few pieces of good news now (I hope!):

The Queen’s property managers (the Crown Estate) have given the green light to the first floating offshore wind farm to be built off the coast of Wales. Another income source for the rich ‘royal household’, but we’ll overlook that…(?!) RenewableUK, the industry trade body, has estimated that the floating offshore wind industry could create 17,000 jobs and provide an opportunity to export new skills and technologies to other countries surrounded by deep coastal waters.

An Oxford-based solar technology firm hopes by the end of the year to begin manufacturing the world’s most efficient solar panels, and become the first to sell them to the public within the next year. Oxford PV claims that the next-generation solar panels will be able to generate almost a third more electricity than traditional silicon-based panels, by coating them with a thin layer of a crystal material called perovskite.

A company in Paris is creating the world’s largest urban rooftop farm – watch the wonderful short BBC News video, produced by Daniel South and Lisa Louis!

A Bill has been introduced into the Belgium federal parliament to propose legislating for ecocide (crime against the environment) both nationally and at the international level, backing the call from Vanuatu and the Maldives last December. Proposer Samuel Cogolati, a Harvard Law School graduate, said: “If we, as legislators, take scientists seriously, we have to say as a matter of criminal law: destroying the Earth is not ok. It’s actually punishable. Because without water, without forests, without clean air, we cannot survive on Earth.”

Just before I finish, I’ll refer to the insect in the picture this week! It’s a violet carpenter bee – beautiful, yes?! If you see it in your garden (those who are lucky enough to have one…), it needs rotting wood, soft enough to create nesting holes. They have been accused of destroying wooden buildings, but they only start colonising when the wood is already rotten…

And finally, please sign my petition – we need to get a Climate and Ecological Emergency Act passed, the first of many new laws hopefully!

http://chng.it/kdyR5267